Buildings have been made since the Stone Age. Every period and place has certain style characteristics. (historic landmark)

For example, the way of building has been further developed over the years and different ways of insulation are used. The buildings are also more sustainable today, which means that the lifespan is longer.

Historic buildings are known for preserving their historic features in the renovation and maintenance process. But it still happens that historic buildings break down.

What are the causes of destruction of historical buildings?

One of the biggest causes of damage to historic buildings is weathering.

With time, historic buildings are regularly and for years exposed to various weather influences such as war crime ,rain, storm, snow.

This has an effect on the materials of the buildings, causing damage.

In addition, the insulation techniques of historic buildings are not always accurate, making them more susceptible to damage due to weather influences.

Many historic buildings and cultural sites are disappearing, because old houses are being converted into small independent units.

Most studies have concluded that the effect of acids in the air is possible with the effect on monuments.

Notably, monuments with stone structures are the most susceptible to weathering. Regular renovation and maintenance is therefore of great importance for the preservation of monumental buildings.

For example, as one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Taj Mahal is susceptible to pollution and damage from the air.

These weather influences mainly affect the demolition or damage of historic buildings:

·        Ice Crystalization

Mainly occurs in very cold climates. Ice crystallization occurs when water enters a crack or opening on the surface of a monument and freezes.

When it freezes, the crack or opening is made even bigger. When the water thaws again in warmer climates, the crack is no longer ‘filled’ with frozen water and the material breaks down.

·        Salt Crystallization

Salt crystallization happens once a saline enters a pore or crack in the surface of a monument.

The effect is crystallization thanks to a modification in temperature like cooling water. Salt expands once it crystallizes, that expands fractures in monuments

and eventually breaks items off.

·        Root Wedging

Root wedging occurs when the root and foundation of a plant grows in a crack in a monumental building.

As the plant grows, pressure is formed on the historic building, causing further cracking and damage to materials.

·        Chemical Weathering

Many historic buildings are affected by Chemical Weathering such as ‘acid rains’. These rainfalls are caused by high levels of pollution.

For example The salt New York’s harbor water began to corrode Lady Liberty’s copper skin through the processes of ice and salt crystallization. Salt water also acted as a chemical agent that exacerbated the corrosion.

historical buildings

Why should we take care of historical buildings and monuments?

The monuments teach us about the times in which the buildings were built and about the history and events.

In addition, the historic buildings stand for respect for the people of history and each historic building tells a story about different societies.
To allow this history to live on, it is important that we take care of historic buildings.

In addition, we can learn about the architectural styles and insulation methods that were used at the time.
These give us insight that allows us to improve and innovate our insulation techniques.

Monuments also teach us to adapt our renovation and maintenance processes to sustainability, so that as much characteristic of the historic building as possible can be preserved.

What are the effects of destruction of cultural heritage?

Cultural destruction can cause social cohesion to diminish or disappear along with mental difficulties, because individuals or target groups link their identity to historical culture and art that belongs to their community.

When historic cultural buildings break down or are destroyed, this is seen as a violation of the identity of individuals or target groups.

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